Keeping greenery around your house makes your home look nice, but it's also expensive to maintain, so you may be tempted to let it die to save on water bills. Alternatively, you may be limited by the amount of water you can use if your area is in a heavy drought. You don't have to stop watering altogether, however. New installations and changes to your current setup, even minor ones, should be able to help make a noticeable impact on your monthly bills.
Select The Right Plants
The best way to save water is to select plants for your yard that aren't such water guzzlers. You don't need to settle for rocks and cacti; look at your local hardware store or research your current area to find out what plants are sturdy and don't need as much water. Bear in mind that while you need to consider your local climate, you also need to consider the soil. This is a good time to get a soil test to see how it can handle plants. If you've noticed yourself struggling to keep your plants alive, your soil may have some problems.
On the same note, try to minimize the area you use for grass. You can still keep some of it if you like, but get creative with the placement of your other plants. Grass is almost always a lot of effort and expensive to maintain, so any you can afford to get rid of will help out in the long run.
Use Your Irrigation System Efficiently
Your sprinkler system itself is a big source of water wasting if it's used more than it's needed. Research the types of plants you have to find out how much watering they need, and don't go beyond that. In addition, install a programmable sprinkler system that lets you choose when your sprinklers turn on, and for how long — just don't forget to turn it off when it rains.
Part of using your sprinklers efficiently is maintaining them properly. While you water your yard, look for any signs of eroding and runoff. Also pay attention to which areas are in the sun and which are in the shade; shaded areas don't need to be watered as often. You can also try to water your plants in the evening as the sun is setting. As the sun goes down the water won't evaporate as quickly. For more information, contact a company like Turfbuilders Irrigation Inc.
Lay Down Mulch
Mulch has multiple benefits: it retains water by preventing moisture from escaping as easily, keeps down weeds, and prevents soil compaction, which helps oxygen and water reach your plants' roots. You will still need to aerate your lawn on a regular basis, but mulch greatly helps with the time in between. If you use mulch regularly, you shouldn't need to water as often.
Use Different Grass
There are many different types of grass, some of which may be sturdier for your particular climate, but you can also look for drought-tolerant grass types. For example, look at buffalo grass, fine-leaf fescues and zoysia grass instead of perennial ryegrass and bluegrass. What you need specifically will again depend on your climate, so do some research before buying a whole new lawn.